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Kerala Prawns Biriyani/Chemeen Biriyani

Kerala Prawns Biriyani/Chemeen Biriyani-Learn how to prepare Kerala style Prawns biriyani.

Kerala Prawn Biriyani

Prep Time 30 mins
Cook Time 45 mins
Course Main Course
Cuisine Indian


For rice

  • 1.5 cups Jeerakashala rice or Basmati rice
  • 6 to 8 cups Water
  • 1 tsp Ghee
  • 2" piece Cinnamon
  • 3 Cloves
  • 3 Cardamom
  • 1/8 tsp Fennel seeds
  • Salt,to taste

For marinating prawns

  • 1.5 cup Prawns,cleaned
  • 2 tsp Ginger garlic paste
  • 2 tsp Kashmiri chili powder
  • 1/4 tsp Turmeric powder
  • 1/2 tsp Garam masala powder
  • 1/2 tsp Black pepper powder
  • 1 tsp lemon juice
  • Salt To taste

For prawns masala

  • 1.5 cup Onion,sliced ( 2 medium)
  • 1 or 2 Green chili,sliced or according to taste
  • 1.5 tsp Ginger,finely chopped
  • 1.5 tsp Garlic.finely chopped
  • 2 to 3 tsp Kashmiri chili powder (according to taste)
  • 1/2 tsp Turmeric powder
  • 1 tsp Coriander powder
  • 1/2 tsp Black pepper powder
  • 3/4 to 1 tsp Garam masala powder
  • 1/2 tsp Black pepper powder
  • 1/2 cup Tomato,finely chopped (1 medium tomato)
  • 1/2 cup Corinader leaves,chopped
  • 1/4 cup Mint leaves ,chopped
  • 1/2 cup Thick coconut milk (optional,or use 1/2 cup hot water)
  • 1/4 cup Hot water

For Garnishing/Layering

  • 2 tbsp Cashew nuts
  • 1 tbsp Raisins
  • 1 cup Onion,sliced
  • 1 or 2 tbsp Mint and coriander leaves ,chopped
  • 1/8 tsp Garam masala powder
  • 1 to 2 tsp Ghee


    Wash the rice until water runs clear.Soak rice in plenty of water for about 20 minutes.Drain well.Bring 6 to 8 cups water to a boil in a large pot.Add ghee,cinnamon,cloves,cardamom,fennel seeds and salt to taste.
    cooking rice
  • Add the drained rice and cook until it is 3/4 th done.Drain and transfer it to a large tray and allow to cool slightly.
    Heat ghee in a pan,fry the cashewnuts and raisins separately until it turns golden brown.Drain and set aside until required.Fry the onions until golden brown,drain and set aside.
    garnish for biriyani
    Add all the ingredients listed under 'For marinating prawns' in a mixing bowl,add the prawns and mix to coat evenly.Set aside for about 15 minutes.Heat oil in a pan and fry the prawns until cooked through and turns golden brown.
  • Transfer the cooked prawns into a bowl,set aside until required.In the same pan,add more oil ,if required and add the onions,saute until it turns transparent.
    Sautéing onions
  • Add the green chili,ginger and garlic.Saute until onion turns golden brown.Reduce the flame to low and add the Kashmiri chili powder,turmeric powder,coriander powder,black pepper powder and garam masala.Add 2 tbsp water and stir well.
    preparing prawn masala
  • Cook,stirring constantly until the masala starts to leave the sides of the pan.Now add the tomato and cook until it turns mushy.
  • Add the coconut milk(if using)and water.Stir well and cook for few minutes,until the gravy turns thick.
    prawns biriyani recipe3
  • Add the cooked prawns,coriander leaves,mint leaves.Mix well until the masala coats the prawns.Switch off the flame.
    prawn masala for biriyani
    Take a heavy bottomed pan and add half of the prepared prawns masala.Next add half of the rice on top.Sprinkle half of the fried onions,cashewnuts ,raisins,coriander leaves,mint leaves ,a pinch of garam masala and 1 tsp ghee on top.Now add the remaining prawns masala on top.
    prawns biriyani layering
  • Top with the remaining rice,sprinkle the leftover fried onion,cashewnuts ,raisins,coriander leaves,mint leaves,a pinch of garam masala and 1 tsp ghee.Cover with a tight fitting lid.Heat a heavy bottomed pan/tawa and place the biriyani vessel on top.Reduce the flame to the lowest and cook for about 20 minutes.( Alternately you can balke the biriyani in an preheated oven at 180 deg C for about 20 to 25 minutes.)Serve with raita,pickle and pappadam.
    biriyani layering
Keyword Biriyani, kerala food, Prawns, seafood


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